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NURS 2400 - Nursing Concepts III

Getting Started

This guide will walk you through the first two steps of Evidence-Based Practice process. You will learn how to

  • identify the type of question you're asking,
  • create a PICO question,
  • understand what type of evidence/research you need for your question, and
  • search the databases for evidence-based research.

What is Evidence-Based Practice?

In medicine, evidence-based practice (or EBP) is a decision making process about patient care that integrates clinical expertise with the most up-to-date scientific research and evidence and the patient's preference for treatment.

The process of EBP can understood in five steps - the 5 A's:

  1. Ask a clear clinical question - also called a PICO question.
  2. Acquire the best evidence available for your question.
  3. Appraise the evidence for validity using clinical experience and the patient's preferences to determine an intervention/treatment.
  4. Apply the evidence.
  5. Assess the treatment and evaluate the outcomes.

The EBP process is a cycle. After you assess you begin again asking questions about the assessment.

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