A thesis statement is the answer to your research question. It is also an argument and an outline of how you are going to prove something with the evidence you gathered. A thesis statement should only be written after some research has been done on the topic.
This short video explains the benefits to you - the writer - of writing a thesis statement.
A thesis statement contains the following parts.
The body of the paper will discuss each of the examples, causes, or characteristics that are listed in the thesis statement with the evidence you found.
Topic: The Black Consciousness Movement
Claim: It became an important part of the struggle against apartheid in South Africa
Examples, Causes, etc: Occurred after the larger African liberation groups were banned; Advocated for Black pride; Contributed to the Soweto student uprising in 1976;
After the banning of the larger African liberation organizations, the Black Consciousness Movement became an important part of the struggle against apartheid in South Africa. It advocated for Black pride and contributed to the Soweto student uprising in 1976.
Topic: Sir Thomas Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur
Claim: It subverted traditional characteristics of leadership
Examples, Causes, etc: Portrayal of Arthur’s fierceness in battle; Arthur’s egalitarian relationship with his knights.
Sir Thomas Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur subverts traditional characteristics of leadership through the portrayal of Arthur’s fierceness in battle and Arthur’s egalitarian relationship with his knights.
Topic: Game of Thrones television show
Claim: Show-runners David Benioff and D. B. Weiss disappointed fans with their conclusion to the series
Examples, Causes, etc: Dropped character arcs; Exposition at the expense of plot; Used dialog to justify odd character decisions;
David Benioff and D. B. Weiss were careless with their conclusion to the Game of Thrones television series. In the final season of the show they abandoned important character arcs and relied on long stretches of dialog at the expense of plot development to justify odd character decisions.